Bhima Koregaon Battle Anniversary

Bhima- Koregaon Battle Anniversary

Historical Facts: 

On January 01st 2019, it was marked 202nd anniversary of the Bhima Koregaon Battle. (Battle between British Army and Peshwa)

Background History

  • Face to face battle took place in “Bhima Koregaon” which is located in district of Pune, State of Maharashtra.
  • The battle was fought between British Army and Peshwe forces on January 01, 1818.
  • British army (comprising of mens from mostly dalit community/dalit soldiers) which were located locally.
  • This battle triggered the age old untouchability issue between Dalits (considered to be lower caste) and Peshwe (considered to be higher moral authority of the maratha society).
  • Unfortunate to the Peshwe forces, they were defeated by the British army, indirectly the victory of dalits over higher caste priests/Maratha.
  • The British army’s ego was swollen and their chest widen to know the fact they defeated the Maratha forces.

Outcome of the Battle

  • The victory of British Army, indirectly was portrayed as victory of Dalits over oppressive Peshwe forces. They knew Peshwe were not a easy win and this win over them was a pot of gold to British Army (the Dalit soldiers)
  • British Agenda of Divide and Rule worked very well here in the case of Bhima-Koregaon and thus marked great victory over maratha kingdom.
  • Unfortunately the victory over Peshwa gave dalits the moral happiness and thus it was the victory that gave sense of identity without discipline/proper leadership, which create multiple political figures in Indian political society thereafter, which can be traced to the current date.
  • On the other hand, the British Monarchy accidentally mined the gems and created a borrow to weaken the Indian society. This was the great inspiration for British Government to clearly formulate the divide and rule the masses policy.

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar and Bhima-Koregaon as Dalit Iconic Symbol

  • The victory in Bhima-Koregaon battle largely inflated the wannabe from all corners of Maharashtra, thus as mentioned earlier created many political leaders.
  • Going with the truth, “Karma” can be held responsible for the demise of Peshwe (Brahmins/Priests) in battle, they were the oppressors of dalits for decades and thus victory of Mahas/dalit soldiers was considered as victory of Dalits( Mahars) over Priests (Peshwe).
  • Century later the Dr. B. R. Ambedkar visited the memorial site of Bhima-Koregaon and inaugurate the monument to the site. This was tear wiping moment for the Dalits/Mahar of that time and thus ignited the fire to fight for basic rights for Dalits/Mahars.

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