Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) - NR6

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) - Sixth National Report (NR6)

Sixth National Report (NR6) be released by India’s Union Environment Minister, Dr HarshVardhan and submitted to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). India is the first Asian country to have released and submitted the report.

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) - Sixth National Report (NR6)

Brief highlights of the report

  • The report has the progress and achievement towards 12th National Biodiversity Targets (NBT).
  • Aichi Biodiversity Targets
  • India’s progress in NBT’s and plans to achieve the remaining NBT’s
  • According to report, India has initiated, established and employed series of schemes (both state and central government) to achieve biodiversity targets and invested 70k crores (i.e. 70,000 crores INR) annually compared to the requirement of 109k crores towards NBT.

About the CBD

  • Agreement of comprehensive strategy towards “Sustainable Development” at “Earth Summit” (held at Rio de Janeiro, in the year 1992)
  • The key aspect of the agreement was the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).
  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is a legal entity for sustainable development and conservation of biological diversity.
  • It is been confirmed/endorsed by 196 nations so far

The 12 National Biodiversity Targets of India

  1. By 2020, country’s significant population, especially taking into account the young generation, the youth of India, is aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably.
  2. By 2020, values of biodiversity integrated into national and state planning processes, development programmes and impoverishment alleviation ways (poverty minimization/elimination).
  3. Strategies for reducing the speed of degradation, fragmentation and loss of all-natural habitats square measure finalized and actions place in situ by 2020 for environmental amelioration and human well-being.
  4. By 2020, invasive alien species and pathways square measure known and methods to manage them developed in order that populations of prioritized invasive alien species properly managed.
  5. By 2020, methods devised and adopted for sustainable development and management of agriculture, biology and fisheries.
  6. The biological diverse area beneath midland and terrestrial water, and moreover coastal and marine zone, especially taking into account or under considerations that are biologically important, with balance ecological system and thriving flora and fauna. 
  7. By 2020, genetic variety of plants, animal (domestic and wild) , including other socio-economically as well as culturally valuable diverse species, are conserved, sustained, and strategies have been researched, developed and deployed for minimizing massive genetic erosion and protecting their genetic diversity. 
  8. By 2020, safeguarding the services contributing towards Indian ecology (e.g. water, human health, modes of earning/livelihood and well beings) are ratified, itemized/catalogued and methods to safeguard them are addressed, taking into consideration the needs of women and local communities, and uplifting the unfortunate/less fortunate section of the Indian society particularly the poor and vulnerable sections.
  9. By 2015, Access to Genetic Resources and also the honest and even-handed Sharing of advantages Arising from their Utilization from Nagoya Protocol are operational, according to national legislation.
  10. By 2020, an efficient, democratic and updated national variety action set up is created operational at completely different levels of governance.
  11. By 2020, our initiative with the help of local communities in relating to biodiversity to be strengthened, with the context to protecting data in accordance with national legislation and international obligations.
  12. By 2020, opportunities to extend the provision of economic, human and technical resources to facilitate effective implementation of the Strategic set up for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and also the national targets ratified, known and the Strategy for Resource Mobilization is adopted.

Brief Information on Aichi Targets

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at the Nagoya conference coined the term “Aichi Targets”. They are collection of short term plan, mentions set of 20 (twenty) ambitious and achievable targets, known “Aichi” Targets. They are further divided into:

  • Strategic Goal A: Identify and address the root causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming the importance of conservation of biodiversity across government and society.
  • Strategic Goal B: Promote the of sustainable use and eventually awareness of Biodiversity
  • Strategic Goal C: To improve the current and future situation of biodiversity by protecting ecosystems, plant and animal species and their genetic diversity.
  • Strategic Goal D: Educate, strengthen and the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services.
  • Strategic Goal E: Strengthen implementation/deployment through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building.

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