Green India Mission - Govt. of India initiative

Green India Mission (GIM) - Background Context

According to the Economic Survey 2019-2020. An assured sum of ₹ 343.08 crore has been allocated and unchained by the centre under the Green India Mission (GIM) to take up the afforestation activities and campaigns over an allocated area of 126,916.5 hector (ha) (i.e. approximately 313617.5 acre) totalling 13 states.

Green India Mission - Govt. of India initiative

What is Green India Mission?

Green India Mission (GIM) is one among the eight missions and the subset of National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)
  • Launch Date: February 2014. 
  • Purpose: Protecting and flourishing the flora and fauna of India’s declining forest coverage. Deploying adaption and mitigation considerations in response to climate change.

Primary Goal of the Green India Mission (GIM) 

  1. To save India’s declining and diminishing forest coverage.
  2. Deployment of “adaptation and mitigation” considerations in response to climate change.
  3. Finding ways to gain surplus and livelihood incomes from forests.
  4. To magnify or intensify annual Carbon concealment by 50 to 60 million tonnes, in 2020.

Vision and Goals  

  • Enhance forest coverage and enhance the quality of ecosystem and biodiversity across all 13 states that includes 
    1. Marshlands and Mangroves; 
    2. Rainforest and Wetlands; 
    3. Open Forest (moderate and dense); 
    4. Grasslands and bleak forest areas; 
  • Compartmentalization: Shifting and moving farm lands, deserts, mangroves & wetlands, abandoned and deserted mining sites, and afforestation, approximately 1.8 million ha. 
  • Increase and enhancement of the forest area coverage in urban/city/ and semi-urban lands (0.20 m ha). 
  • Increase and enhancement of the forest area coverage on moderate farmlands and bring non-forest areas under agroforestry (3 m ha).
  • Governance and administration of public woodlands (forests), also the non-forest areas (under the GIM) by community establishment. 
  • Acquisition and promotion of improved and enhanced fuelwood-use efficiency and the alternative energy solutions by households under project initiatives. 
  • Segregation of forest-based livelihood, approximately 3 million households depend on forest livelihood. 

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