Quantum Computing Gets Funded by Finance Ministry

Quantum Computing Gets Funds - Background Context

Background Context: The Indian Union Budget 2020-21, presented on February 1, 2020 by Minister of finance Nirmala Sitharaman had a surprise for scientific community working in the domain of Quantum computing. It was decided to make available sum of ₹ 8,000 crore (i.e. ₹80000000000) over a period of five years (60 months) for National Mission on Quantum Technologies and Applications.

Quantum Computing Gets Funded by Finance Ministry

What are Quantum Technologies? 

Quantum technologies is the bigger High-Tech domain which comprise following
  1. Quantum Computing; 
  2. Quantum Communication;  
  3. Quantum Optics;  
  4. Quantum Information Science;  
  5. Quantum Internet and Quantum AI; 

Need for special attention to Quantum Technologies: 

  • The interest, excitement and curiosity about quantum computer are due to its power to enable complex calculations involved in fields like real-time system, military and space applications, cyber-security development. 
  • Quantum communications can improve (cyber) security implementation, provide unique and enhanced fingerprints for real-time systems and banking applications.
  • It is believed that, Quantum computing and technologies may also increase available bandwidth for internet networks (preferably Web 3.0).

Quantum Computing to Receive ₹ 8,000 Crores

What is a quantum computer? 

  • Quantum computers work on the series of principles and harnessing the varied properties of quantum physics and quantum mechanics. 
  • Quantum computers use logical units called quantum bits, or qubits for brief, which will be put into a quantum state where they will simultaneously represent both 0 and 1.

Difference between Traditional and quantum computers 

  • Since their inception, computers calculate information in binary format, called bits represented in 0 and 1. 
  • The binary formation in classical (traditional) computers function distinctively from one another. On the other hand, in Quantum computer, the qubits are interlinked, hence the status change of one qubit may affect the status of other qubits working within the system, and work in synchronization towards a common task.

How the RESULTS are achieved? 

Calculations in classical computers are similar and definitive all the time, whenever we run a calculation. In Quantum computing, the calculations are probabilistic, i.e. they may produce different answers all and every time the calculations are executed.

Accordingly, to use the Quantum computing system, calculations has to run in series of arrays or multiple times (may be millions of times) and the array of answers or output receive, coincide or intersect towards the correct answer.

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