Bhima Koregaon Battle Anniversary

The face-to-face battle took place in “Bhima Koregaon” which is located in the district of Pune, State of Maharashtra on January 01, 1818

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Bhima Koregaon Battle Anniversary
Photo by Europeana / Unsplash

Bhima- Koregaon Battle - Historical Facts

January 01st, 2019, it was marked the 22nd anniversary of the Bhima Koregaon battle. (Battle between British Army and Peshwa)

Background History

  • The face-to-face battle took place in “Bhima Koregaon” which is located in the district of Pune, State of Maharashtra.
  • The battle was fought between British Army and Peshwe forces on January 01, 1818.
  • British army (comprising of men from mostly Dalit community/Dalit soldiers) which were located locally.
  • This battle triggered the age-old untouchability issue between Dalits (considered to be lower caste) and Peshwe (considered to be the higher moral authority of the Maratha society).
  • Unfortunate for the Peshwe forces, they were defeated by the British army, indirectly the victory of Dalits over higher caste priests/Maratha.
  • The British army’s ego was swollen and their chest widen to know the fact they defeated the Maratha forces.

The Outcome of the Battle

  • The victory of the British Army indirectly was portrayed as the victory of Dalits over oppressive Peshwe forces. They knew Peshwe was not an easy win and this win over them was a pot of gold for the British Army (the Dalit soldiers)
  • British Agenda of Divide and Rule worked very well here in the case of Bhima-Koregaon and thus marked a great victory over the Maratha kingdom.
  • Unfortunately, the victory over Peshwa gave Dalits moral happiness, and thus it was the victory that gave the sense of identity without discipline/proper leadership, which create multiple political figures in Indian political society thereafter, which can be traced to the current date.
  • On the other hand, the British Monarchy accidentally mined the gems and created a borrow to weaken the Indian society. This was a great inspiration for British Government to clearly formulate the divide and rule the masses policy.

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar and Bhima-Koregaon as Dalit Iconic Symbols

  • The victory in the Bhima-Koregaon battle largely inflated the wannabe from all corners of Maharashtra, thus as mentioned earlier creating many political leaders.
  • Going with the truth, “Karma” can be held responsible for the demise of Peshwe (Brahmins/Priests) in battle, they were the oppressors of Dalits for decades and thus the victory of Mahas/Dalit soldiers was considered a victory of Dalits( Mahars) over Priests (Peshwe).
  • A century later Dr. B. R. Ambedkar visited the memorial site of Bhima-Koregaon and inaugurate the monument to the site. This was a tearing wiping moment for the Dalits/Mahar of that time and thus ignited the fire to fight for basic rights for Dalits/Mahars.