Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) - Sixth National Report (NR6)

Brief Background

Sixth National Report (NR6) be released by India’s Union Environment Minister, Dr. HarshVardhan, and submitted to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). India is the first Asian country to have released and submitted the report.

Highlights of the report

  • The report has the progress and achievement toward the 12th National Biodiversity Targets (NBT).
  • Aichi Biodiversity Targets
  • India’s progress in NBTs and plans to achieve the remaining NBTs
  • According to the report, India has initiated, established, and employed a series of schemes (both state and central government) to achieve biodiversity targets and invested 70k crores (i.e. 70,000 crores INR) annually compared to the requirement of 109k crores towards NBT.

About the CBD

  • Agreement of comprehensive strategy towards “Sustainable Development” at “Earth Summit” (held at Rio de Janeiro, in the year 1992)
  • The key aspect of the agreement was the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).
  • The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is a legal entity for sustainable development and conservation of biological diversity.
  • It is been confirmed/endorsed by 196 nations so far

The 12 National Biodiversity Targets of India

  1. By 2020, the country’s significant population, especially taking into account the young generation, the youth of India, is aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably.
  2. By 2020, values of biodiversity integrated into national and state planning processes, development programs, and impoverishment alleviation ways (poverty minimization/elimination).
  3. Strategies for reducing the speed of degradation, fragmentation, and loss of all-natural habitats square measure finalized and actions placed in situ by 2020 for environmental amelioration and human well-being.
  4. By 2020, invasive alien species and pathways square measure known and methods to manage them developed in order that populations of prioritized invasive alien species properly managed.
  5. By 2020, methods are devised and adopted for sustainable development and management of agriculture, biology, and fisheries.
  6. The biological diverse area beneath midland and terrestrial water, and moreover coastal and marine zone, especially taking into account or under considerations that are biologically important, with balanced ecological system and thriving flora and fauna.
  7. By 2020, the genetic variety of plants, and animals (domestic and wild), including other socio-economically as well as culturally valuable diverse species, are conserved, sustained, and strategies have been researched, developed, and deployed for minimizing massive genetic erosion and protecting their genetic diversity.
  8. By 2020, safeguarding the services contributing to Indian ecology (e.g. water, human health, modes of earning/livelihood, and well beings) are ratified, itemized/cataloged and methods to safeguard them are addressed, taking into consideration the needs of women and local communities, and uplifting the unfortunate/less fortunate section of the Indian society, particularly the poor and vulnerable sections.
  9. By 2015, Access to Genetic Resources and also the honest and even-handed Sharing of advantages Arising from their Utilization of the Nagoya Protocol are operational, according to national legislation.
  10. By 2020, an efficient, democratic and updated national variety action set up is created operational at completely different levels of governance.
  11. By 2020, our initiative with the help of local communities in relating to biodiversity to be strengthened, with the context of protecting data in accordance with national legislation and international obligations.
  12. By 2020, opportunities to extend the provision of economic, human, and technical resources to facilitate effective implementation of the Strategic setup for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and also the national targets ratified, known and the Strategy for Resource Mobilization is adopted.

Brief Information on Aichi Targets

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at the Nagoya conference coined the term “Aichi Targets”. They are a collection of short-term plans, mentioning a set of 20 (twenty) ambitious and achievable targets, known as “Aichi” Targets. They are further divided into:

  • Strategic Goal A: Identify and address the root causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming the importance of the conservation of biodiversity across government and society.
  • Strategic Goal B: Promote sustainable use and eventually awareness of Biodiversity
  • Strategic Goal C: To improve the current and future situation of biodiversity by protecting ecosystems, plant and animal species, and their genetic diversity.
  • Strategic Goal D: Educate, strengthen, and the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services.
  • Strategic Goal E: Strengthen implementation/deployment through participatory planning, knowledge management, and capacity building.