Indian Bridge Management System - Background
Under the title “Indian Bridge Management System (IBMS)", the Ministry of Road Transportation and Highways has constructed over 1,34,229 culverts outlets, 32, 806 minor/small bridges, 3,646 major bridges, and 1,835 extra long bridges. Now combining them all gives a figure as such 1,31,72,517 bridges/structures.
What is IBMS?
- It was launched in October 2016 as an independent initiative to keep track of bridges and transportation structures in India.
- It creates the catalog of all bridges/structures for their timely wear and tear.
- It is the world’s largest of its kind and is owned by a single owner.
What Necessitated IBMS?
- Indian government faced challenges in locating actual and exact numbers of bridges (India lacked a database of bridges) and all its related entities such as creation date, time taken for development, the budget allocated for its development, etc.
- Due to this technical difficulty, it was hard for government authorities to maintain bridges in workable condition. Further ahead, it poses a threat of collapse and efficient transportation.
- Due to a series of incidents of bridge collapse and loss of lives it became very important to crate initiate the establishment of the Indian Bridge Management System (IBMS).
Working of IBMS?
- Each bridge is identified by “Unique Identification Number” based on its state of location, Regional Transport Office (RTO) zone, and other entities into consideration such as National Highway, State Highway, or District road.
- GPS location of the bridge (longitude and latitude)
- Characteristics such as Type, Age, Load-Bearing capacity, Height-Length-Width.
- Bridge rating is based on the characteristics and entities mentioned above.
- Value added by the bridge to surrounding commuters community, by Socio-Economic Bridge Rating Number based on its usability.
- This collective data will clearly give analysis and identify or determine bridges that need maintenance work and will give statistical data of its criticality to decide if the bridge is to be rebuilt or an appropriate alternative solution for the same.