Mission Indradhanush - Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) - Background Information
The Immunization Programme or disease-resistant program in India was initiated in India in the year 1978 as the Extended Program of Immunization (EPI) through the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India.
Further ahead in the year 1985, the program was intensified and with a couple of changes was renamed ‘Universal Immunization Programme’ (UIP) to carry out in phases or phased methods to cover all districts (regardless of the location) in the country by the year 1989-90 UIP had already become one of a largest health program in the world.
However, all these efforts contributed to the immunization of only 65% of children in India in the first year, which is not good and at the same time, not bad at all.
Mission Indradhanush was considered to be among the 12 best practices globally, leading it to get featured in the esteemed British Medical Journal. It was appreciated and also features in New Delhi on 12th and 13th Dec 2018, at the Partner’s Forum attended by 1200 delegates and representatives (national and international) working towards, Teenage Health, Newborn infants and children, Maternal, etc.
To concrete, nourish, enhance and revitalize the Universal Immunization Programme (UIP), to set up and achieve the target to complete 360 immunization for all infants, children, and pregnant women at an increased speed, thus to carry out this mission, India launched the Mission Indradhanush in December 2014.
Missions Goal and Vision
- Immunization of children (maximum of 2 years) and pregnant women.
- Governments' concentration is on identified 201 high focus districts from 28 states considered to be the epicenter of partially or unimmunized infants and children.
Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI)
Understanding the gravity of the situation and its importance at the national and international level, Prime Minister Narendra Modi initiated the Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) on Oct. 08th, 2017. The objective is pretty simple and straightforward, to reach all children (up to 2 years of age) and pregnant women for immunization.