Non-Nuclear Aggression Agreement - India and Pakistan

The two South Asian states India and Pakistan have signed an agreement to exchange the list of nuclear installations.

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Non-Nuclear Aggression Agreement - India and Pakistan
Photo by Frédéric Paulussen / Unsplash

Background Context

The two South Asian states India and Pakistan have signed an agreement to exchange the list of nuclear installations. The exchange was in pursuant to an agreement to prohibit/forbid attacks on nuclear installations and nuclear facilities or centers. The two countries (India and Pakistan) share the list of nuclear installations with each other in accordance with the agreement. This exchange takes place on January 1st of each year and is popularly known as “NON-NUCLEAR AGGRESSION AGREEMENT”.

Important Fact Figures of the Agreement

Drafted: November 30th, 1988 (1988-11-30)
Signed: December 21, 1988; 30 years ago
Location: Islamabad, Pakistan
Effective: 1st January 1991
Signatories: Rajiv Ratna Gandhi (PM of India) and Benazir Bhutto (PM of Pakistan)
Languages: Hindi, Urdu, and English

Significance and Practice of Non-Nuclear Aggression Agreement

  • The historical events of Israel’s attack on Iraq (in the year 1988) crippled Iraq’s dream and ambition of becoming a nuclear state forever. This event also triggered the fear in the state of Pakistan, to meet the same fate as that of Iraq.
  • In response to the event of “Airstrike by Israel on Iraq nuclear weapon program”, fear & anxiety of Pakistan were at their peak after the defeat of India in the war of 1972, the enhancement in Indian military exercise through “Operation Brasstacks of 1987” demonstration offensive capabilities. It was this time when Pakistan had to put Nuclear installations on High Alert, fearing the same fate as Iraq at the hands of Israel.
  • The exchange (first list) “List of Nuclear Installation and Facilities” between India and Pakistan took place on January 01st, 1992.